Vogtia malloi Pastrana
The life cycle is completed in 39 days. Female moths can lay 200-300 eggs usually on the upper portions of the plant. Larvae hatch on the foliage and later borer into the hollow stems. Mature larvae are about 20 mm long and seal themselves in a chamber in the stem to pupate. Larvae chew nearly through the stem before they pupate leaving only a thin tissue for the adult moth to escape from. Pupation takes about 10 days at 23EC.
The larvae only feed on alligatorweed.
Coulson, J.R. 1977. Biological Control of Alligatorweed, 1959-1972. A review and evaluation. Technical Bulletin, United States Department of Agriculture 1547, 98 pp.
Grodowitz, M. J., W. A. Johnson, T. D. Center, G. Buckingham, and A. F. Cofrancesco, Jr. 1989. The use of biocontrol technology for the management of introduced aquatic plants: A short course. U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville District. Slide set and manual. 117 pp.